To undertake and promote research in such areas which are identified as thrust areas due to their socio-economic significance, current relevance and policy implications with particular reference to the developmental problems of Madhya Pradesh.
To develop specialisation in research on Tribal Development, Panchayat Raj, Rural Development, Environmental Issues, Education and to conduct evaluation studies on developmental programmes and schemes.
To provide facilities for research, training and extension work related to the development and welfare of scheduled castes, Scheduled Tribes, women, children and other weaker sections of the society.
To extend training facilities to panchayat representatives and functionaries, and to contribute to the promotion of participatory development in rural areas through action research and cooperation with NGOs.
To undertake studies on problems of industrial development in Madhya Pradesh with special reference to regional disparities and labour issues.
To create institutional infrastructure for empirical research, survey work and data analysis.
To offer consultancy services to the state and central governments.
To undertake development studies and research projects sponsored by governmental and nongovernmental organisations, international agencies and foundations.
To invite social scientists and researchers to the Institute to pursue their own advanced research and/or to contribute to research and other activities of the Institute.
To organise seminars, symposia, workshops and special lectures on developmental problems and burning national and state level issues.
To publish research works of high standard in the form of books, monographs, research papers and occasional papers.
To bring out Madhya Pradesh Journal of Social Sciences (English) and Madhya Pradesh Samajik Vigyan Anusandhan Journal (Hindi) (bi-annual) for the advancement of knowledge in social sciences and to encourage dialogue on developmental problems.
To start doctoral and post-doctoral research at the Institute, and to institute fellowships and awards in honour of distinguished social scientists.
To develop a professionally managed well equipped Social Science Library and Documentation Centre with data base to fulfil a long standing demand for establishment of a Social Science Resource Centre in Madhya Pradesh.
To forge close functional relationships with sister institutes, centres of higher learning and research foundations in India and abroad.
To accept any grants, gifts, donations and subscriptions whether in cash or securities and of property, either movable or immovable, in furtherance of the objectives of the Institute.
To provide a clearing house for collection, analysis, interpretation and dissemination of data on social science resources.
To undertake interdisciplinary research in areas of social relevance conducive for national development.
To develop a robust research environment that fosters team work, cooperation and mutual support.
To organize short intensive training courses to facilitate the development of competent and committed social science researchers.
To design relevant models in theory and also extend interventions in field and public policies through productive research.
To effectively respond to continually changing social realities through upgradation and updation of research methodologies and techniques.
To identify relevant areas of specialization which the institute can embark and concentrate on.
To undertake all such lawful activities as are conducive or incidental to the attainment of the above mentioned objectives.